Dr. Maria Montessori's Brief Biographical Account
Maria Montessori (1870-1952), the first female medical doctor in Italy, was one of the great pioneers in the study of child development. She believed children effortlessly absorb knowledge and have a natural and intense desire to learn about the world.
In 1908 Dr. Montessori began her innovative approach with a group of children in Rome. Whithin a year, her accomplishments with these children earned world wide acclaim. She wrote 25 books on the various aspects of her theory and practice. Montessori schools have been established in over 50 countries, and her works have achieved great popularity and acceptance.
" Scientific observation has established that education is not what the teachers give; education is a natural process spontaneously carried out by the human individual, and is acquired not by listening to words but by experiences upon the environment. The task of the teacher becomes that of preparing a series of motives of cultural activity, spread over a especially prepared environment, and then refraining from obtrusive interference."